Provincial Immigration

  • Canada Provincial Nominee Immigration

    All of the provinces have their own provincial immigration programs, known as Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP), in order to promote immigration policies suited to a province;s particular needs

Provincial Nominee Programs

All of the provinces have their own provincial immigration programs, known as Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP), in order to promote immigration policies suited to a province;s particular needs

Province of Quebec

In 2013, approximately 80,000 economic immigrants were nominated by the provinces, with the Province of Quebec accounting for approximately 40,000 selections

Provinces Immigrants Nominations

Quebec is the only province with the right to select its own immigrants. All of the other provinces have the right to nominate immigrants

Qualified Employers

Qualified employers nominate a prospective worker under an expected process which, once approved by the province, enables an application for permanent residence to proceed

Each Canadian province and the three territories have their own Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), in order to serve their individual immigration needs. Many of them also run their own categories under the Canada Express Entry System. As a result, the provinces have an increasing role in the selection of economic immigrants.

Applying for admission to Canada as a permanent resident under a provincial program follows a two-stage process. Applicants who receive a PNP nomination can then apply for permanent residence.

In some instances, candidates who do not qualified under one of the federal programs may qualify for admission to Canada under a PNP. Some candidates may also qualify for a temporary work permit in the interim, allowing for early entry to Canada for the applicant and their accompanying dependants.

Under the federal 2017 immigration numbers plan, 51,000 newcomers will be welcomed through provincial programs.

However, many of the large provincial programs face problems with processing delays. Canada attracts considerable interest from potential new immigrants, far surpassing the processing capacity of immigration programs.

The Canada Express Entry system has successfully tackled processing delays, while many of the provinces are now choosing to open and close their popular streams periodically throughout the year to avoid large backlogs.

Provincial Nominee Program by Province / Territory:

British Columbia Manitoba New Brunswick Newfoundland and Labrador
Alberta Ontario Nova Scotia Northwest Territories
Saskatchewan Quebec Prince Edward Island Yukon
Nunavut

Under the provincial programs, candidates are nominated by a prospective employer and, once approved by the province, are subject to an expedited process. In the initial stages, applicants can receive temporary, renewable work permits to enter Canada while they are being processed for permanent residence.

The skilled worker-based provincial programs, with the exception of Quebec, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, generally require an employer to sponsor the applicant for admission to Canada. Without a government-approved employer sponsorship, the application will either not be approved, or will be routinely passed over in favour of applications with an employer sponsored approval.

Sponsoring employers under most provincial programs must demonstrate sufficient efforts to hire local Canadians and offer competitive terms and conditions of employment that are relevant to a particular occupation. Between provinces, variations exist in the terms and conditions of employment to qualify to sponsor a foreign worker.

To qualify as a sponsored employee, the position being filled must generally conform to a National Occupation Classification skill level of O, A, B; or alternatively, must meet the terms of a particular pilot project designed for a specific critical skill shortage identified by the province.

Pilot programs within the provinces are designed for low skilled workers and are limited in scope. Most of the provinces have variations of pilot projects for low skilled occupations.

Interested applicants may wish to contact Attorney Colin Singer at csinger@immigration.ca for further information. They may also complete our Free Online Immigration Assessment.

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